Different types of architectures in India
There are many historical architectural monuments in India. These architectural monuments are the proof for the grace of art and architectural accomplishment and heritage of ancient historical India. They are the speculation of the history and culture of traditional India. There are many ancient architectural monuments in India which still wonder and mystery for the modern science and technology. The Mughals introduced new techniques in the field of architecture. The elements used give us an idea about the craftsmanship and mining. It is very important to visit them all but also preserve them for our future generation.
That was exceptionally created to remember a person or event, or which has become significant to a social group as a part of their remembrance of historic times or cultural heritage, because of its artistic, historical, political, technical or architectural importance. Examples of monuments include statues, archaeological, memorials sites, historical buildings, and cultural assets. There are different types of traditional architectures in India. Below are few
- Temple Architecture
Temple architecture in India originated in almost all the regions during the ancient India. Across the country well defined architectural styles in temple construction can be seen, this disparity is mainly caused due to the geographical, climatic, racial, ethnic, linguistic, and historical diversities. Ancient Indian temples are divided into three broad categories, i.e. Northern style, Nagara or the, Vesara or Mixed style, and Dravida or the Southern style. Apart from the broad classification, Kerala, Bengal, and the Himalayan region also display their regional styles in temple architecture which are equally idiosyncratic style.
- Mughal Architecture
The Mughal architectural style is a special blend of Islamic, Persian and Indian styles. Starting from the 16th century till the early 18th century, Mughal architecture developed largely in the subcontinent India. During this era, Mughal’s and different rulers ruled India and built some of the finest structures in the country. Humayun’s Tomb, Akbar’s Tomb, Fatehpur Sikri, Red Fort at Delhi, Jami Masjid Delhi and the Taj Mahal at Agra are few examples of such constructions which need to further presentation.
- Indo-Saracenic Revival Architecture
Indo Saracenic Revival architecture or Indo Saracenic architecture is the dazzling architectural engineering movement by the British architects. This style is a combination of Indian architecture and Indo-Islamic architecture. It is also called as Indo-Gothic, Mughal-Gothic, and Hindu-Gothic and Neo-Mughal architecture. This form of architecture occupies exotic elements from the Indian Architecture and native Indo-Islamic architecture and mingles it with the Neo-Classical and Gothic revival styles favoured in Victorian Britain.
- Dravidian Architecture
Dravidian construction style appears in the Southern part of the Indian subcontinent or South India thousands of years ago. It was built by the Dravidian societies, such structures primarily made of pyramid shaped temples called Kovils (a Tamil word). These Kovils are reliant on complex carved stone; such substances are the key to create step kind of designs which contain many statues of kings, deities, dancers, and warriors.
- Kalinga Architecture
The Kaḷinga architecture is a style which proliferates in the ancient Kalinga region. This form of style can be noticed in the eastern Indian state of Odisha and also in northern parts of Andhra Pradesh. Kalinga architectural style composed of three different types of temples, i.e. Khakhara Deula, Rekha Deula and Pidha Deula. The diverse aspects of a classic Kalinga Temple comprise of Architectural specification, historical connotations, Iconography, also it honours the custom, traditions, and connected epics.
- Sikh Architecture
This is one of those styles that have achieved immense popularity across the world. Sikh architecture is characterized by elegant intricacy, austere beauty, values of progressiveness, austere beauty, and coherent flowing lines. This is one peculiar architectural form which managed to evolve due to its modernity or progressive style. Sikh architecture is all about beautiful curves and straight lines; that is absolutely what sets it apart from other architectural styles.
- Vesara Architecture
Vesara style of Architecture developed in the state of Karnataka during the medieval centuries. This style unifies both the Dravida and the Nagara architectural styles. In such form of construction, the heights of the individual row are reduced without affecting their actual numbers, these results in the depletion of the overall height of the temple architecture. In some of the temples of this style contain semi-circular constructions of the Buddhist Chaityas.
- Indian Vernacular Architecture
The rare style of architecture refers to the informal building of structures done by local builders using traditional building procedure. This is one of the most universal forms of architectural style not only in India but across the globe. The builders who construct such structures are untaught in formal architectural design; their work typically revolves the rich multiplicity of our country’s climate, locally available construction materials, and the composite variations in local social customs and artisanship.
- Cave Architecture
The cave architecture in India is assumed to have started in the third century BC. Such constructions were used by the Jain monks and the Buddhist typically as a place of residence and esteem. Some ideal of this type of cave structure are Chaityas and Viharas of Buddhists. Caves in India are generally linked with three different religions, namely Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism; hence they reflect the architectural difference in accordance with various religions.
- Rock-Cut Architecture
The Rock-cut structures in India unveil the most impressive piece of ancient Indian art specimen. Rock-cut architecture is the art of creating a structure by carving it out of a solid natural hard stone. Most of the rock-cut structures in our country were connected to different religious communities. India has more than 1,500 known rock-cut structures and many of these constructions contain artworks which are of global importance, and most are adorn with delightful stone sculptures.
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